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Recent Socially Progressive Legislations of the...
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The Government of India has over the past year has passed several Socially Progressive Legislations for the benefit of the country. Some important ones are as under:

1. The transgender persons(protection of rights) Act 2019:

To provide for protection of rights of transgender persons & their welfare this Act was passed by Parliament on 26th November 2019 and received the assent of President of India on 5th December, 2019. It provides for non-discrimination against a Transgender Person in educational institutions, employment, healthcare services etc and recognizes their identity. The Act will also bring greater accountability on part of the Government for issues concerning transgender persons. It will benefit a large number of transgender persons, mitigate the stigma, discrimination and abuse against them and lead to greater inclusiveness.

For more info see: http://socialjustice.nic.in/writereaddata/UploadFile/TG%20bill%20gazette.pdf

2. The Maintenance and Welfare of Parent and Senior Citizens (Amendment Bill, 2019):

This Bill was introduced in Lok Sabha on 11 December 2019 and has provisions for the elderly to claim maintenance from their children and for establishment of a tribunal for senior citizens to file claims for maintenance. The ceiling of Rs10,000/- as maintenance amount too has been removed and appointment of Nodal Police Officers for Senior Citizens in every Police Station and special helpline for senior citizens too has been included. This bill also seeks to regulate the institutions and services for senior citizens.

For more info see: https://pib.gov.in/Pressreleaseshare.aspx?PRID=1592418

http://164.100.47.4/BillsTexts/LSBillTexts/asintroduced/374_2019_LS_Eng.pdf

3. Medical Termination of Pregnancy(Amendment Bill, 2020)

This bill has been introduced in March 2020 in the Lok Sabha and seeks to extend the upper limit for permitting abortions from the current 20 weeks to 24 weeks. It aims to expand access to women to safe and legal abortion services. This extension to 24 weeks will also help survivors of rape, specially-abled girls as well as minors, who may not realize they are pregnant until later. It also extends the contraceptive-failure clause for termination to include”any woman or her partner” in place of the present provision for “only married woman or her husband”.

For more info see:

http://164.100.47.4/BillsTexts/LSBillTexts/Asintroduced/55_2020_LS_Eng.pdf

4. Assisted reproductive Technology Regulation Bill 2020 :

In February 2020, the Government has also introduced the Assisted reproductive Technology (ART) Regulation Bill 2020 for the welfare of Women in the Country. This bill makes provisions for safe and ethical practice of ART services in the country . Through this bill, the national board, the State Boards , the national Registry and the State Registration Authorities respectively will regulate and supervise ART clinics and ART banks. The bill also provides for stringent punishments for sex selection, sale of human gametes and agencies behind these unlawful practices.

For more info see:

http://www.newsonair.gov.in/Main-News-Details.aspx?id=381599

5. The Surrogacy(Regulation) Bill, 2019

For the first time in February 2020 a bill has been introduced to regulate surrogacy. The surrogacy bill proposes a complete ban on commercial surrogacy and only allows altruistic surrogacy wherein only medical expenses and insurance coverage incurred on surrogate mother is to be paid for. It also introduces several provisions for being a surrogate mother and for a couple to be able to adopt. Contravention of the bill can invite imprisonment and fines.

(For more info see:

https://rajyasabha.nic.in/rsnew/Committee_site/Committee_File/BillFile/Bill/70/137/156-C%20of%202019_2019_12_12.pdf

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1603649

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